IEEE 8500-Node Test Feeder¶
An IEEE Working Group specified a set of distribution test circuits [CIT1] and we have chosen the largest one of these as a sample circuit for GridAPPS-D [CIT2]. The 8500-Node test feeder operates at 12.47 kV and has a peak load of about 11 MW, including approximately 1100 single-phase, center-tapped transformers with triplex service drops. Loads are balanced between the two center-tapped windings.
The circuit includes 4 shunt capacitor banks and 4 voltage regulator banks, making it a reasonable test for solving voltage problems and for applying volt-var optimization (VVO). The circuit is also relatively lossy at peak load.
The model in GridAPPS-D came from the IEEE 8500-Node input files distributed with OpenDSS, exported to CIM from OpenDSS, and then imported to the GridAPPS-D data manager. In this automated process, four changes were implemented:
- Use constant-current load models, rather than constant-power load models. This is necessary for the solution to converge at peak load. Voltages at peak load are low, and a constant-power load will draw more current under those conditions. Holding the current magnitude constant allows GridLAB-D to achieve convergence under a variety of operating conditions. This is an appropriate compromise in accuracy for real-time applications, which need to be robust through wide variations in voltage and load. In contrast, planning applications usually need more accurate load models, even at the possible expense of re-running some non-converged simulations.
- Disable automatic regulator and capacitor controls. The volt-var application, described below, will supersede these settings. If a developer or user is testing the GridLAB-D model outside of GridAPPS-D, these control settings should be re-enabled in order to solve the circuit at peak load. That requires manual un-commenting edits to the GridLAB-D input file.
- Substitute a variable called VSOURCE for the SWING bus nominal voltage. This needs to be set at 1.05 per-unit of nominal on the 115-kV system (i.e. 69715.065) in order to solve at peak load. Other conditions may require different source voltage values.
- Use a schedule for the loads so they can vary with time during GridAPPS-D simulation. The file should be named zipload_schedule.player.